What Is Cancer?
Cancer is really a group of many associated illness that all relate to cells. Cells are the extremely little units that make up all living things, consisting of the body. There are billions of cells in each person's body.
Cancer occurs when cells that are not regular grow and spread out very quick. Regular body cells grow and divide and know to stop growing. In time, they likewise pass away. Unlike these normal cells, cancer cells just continue to grow and divide out of control and don't pass away when they're expected to.
Cancer cells usually group or clump together to form tumors (state: TOO-mers). A growing growth becomes a lump of cancer cells that can ruin the regular cells around the tumor and damage the body's healthy tissues. This can make someone extremely ill.
Often cancer cells break away from the original tumor and travel to other locations of the body, where they keep growing and can go on to form brand-new tumors. This is how cancer spreads. The spread of a tumor to a new location in the body is called transition (say: meh-TASS-tuh-sis).
Causes of Cancer
You probably know a kid who had chickenpox-- possibly even you. However you probably don't know any kids who have actually had cancer. If you loaded a large football stadium with kids, probably just one kid because stadium would have cancer.
Physicians aren't sure why some individuals get cancer and others do not. They do understand that cancer is not contagious. You can't catch it from somebody else who has it-- cancer isn't triggered by bacteria, like colds or the flu are. So don't hesitate of other kids-- or anybody else-- with cancer. You can speak to, have fun with, and hug someone with cancer.
Kids can't get cancer from anything they do either. Some kids think that a bump on the head causes brain cancer or that bad individuals get cancer. This isn't real! Kids do not do anything wrong to get cancer. But some unhealthy practices, particularly smoking or drinking excessive alcohol every day, can make you a lot more likely to get cancer when you become an adult.
Learning about Cancer
It can take a while for a physician to find out a kid has cancer. That's due to the fact that the symptoms cancer can cause-- weight reduction, fevers, inflamed glands, or feeling extremely worn out or ill for a while-- usually are not caused by cancer. When a kid has these problems, it's frequently brought on by something less severe, like an infection. With medical screening, the doctor can figure out what's causing the difficulty.
If the physician presumes cancer, she or he can do tests to find out if that's the issue. A doctor might order X-rays and blood tests and suggest the individual visit an oncologist (say: on-KAH-luh-jist). An oncologist is a medical professional who looks after and deals with cancer clients. The oncologist will likely run other tests to discover if someone really has cancer. If so, tests can determine what type of cancer it is and if it has infected other parts of the body. Based upon the outcomes, the medical professional will choose the very best way to treat it.
One test that an oncologist (or a surgeon) may perform is a biopsy (say: BY-op-see). During a biopsy, a piece of tissue is eliminated from a tumor or a location in the body where cancer is presumed, like the bone marrow. Do not stress-- somebody getting this test will get unique medication to keep him or her comfy throughout the biopsy. The sample that's collected will be examined under a microscope Extra resources for cancer cells.
The quicker cancer is found and treatment begins, the better someone's possibilities are for a complete healing and remedy.
Dealing With Cancer Thoroughly
Cancer is treated with surgical treatment, chemotherapy, or radiation-- or often a mix of these treatments. The option of treatment depends upon:
Surgical treatment is the earliest kind of treatment for cancer-- 3 out of every 5 individuals with cancer will have an operation to eliminate it. Throughout surgical treatment, the doctor tries to take out as many cancer cells as possible. Some healthy cells or tissue may also be removed to make sure that all the cancer is gone.
Chemotherapy (say: kee-mo-THER-uh-pee) is the use of anti-cancer medicines (drugs) to treat cancer. These medicines are sometimes taken as a pill, but usually are given through a special intravenous (say: in-truh-VEE-nus) line, also called an IV. An IV is a tiny plastic catheter (straw-like tube) that is put into a vein through someone's skin, usually on the arm. The catheter is connected to a bag that holds the medicine. The medication streams from the bag into a vein, which puts the medication into the blood, where it can take a trip throughout the body and attack cancer cells.